Chat with us, powered by LiveChat After reading the content of Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory,? explain the significant assumptions of this theoretical perspective.? Use APA citations where necessary, and include a min | Wridemy

After reading the content of Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory,? explain the significant assumptions of this theoretical perspective.? Use APA citations where necessary, and include a min

After reading the content of Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory,? explain the significant assumptions of this theoretical perspective.? Use APA citations where necessary, and include a min

Due Sunday, October 30, 2022, 11:59 PM

Time remaining: 2 days 23 hours

After reading the content of Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory,  explain the significant assumptions of this theoretical perspective. 

Use APA citations where necessary, and include a minimum of 250 words. 

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,

Psychodynamic Theories and Freud

Objectives

Make some sense of Freud

Learn about Jung and some of his ideas

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

What did you know or hear about Freud before reading this section?

Basic to his theory was that the mind is mostly hidden (unconscious)

a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories

A psychodynamic theory is one that focuses on the unconscious and the importance of childhood experience

“dynamic” because of the permanent, dynamic struggle the ego is in to manage the id and superego

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Freud’s theory of personality is called psychoanalysis

attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts

Freud used free association in his therapy

method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Personality Structure

“human personality…arises from a conflict between impulse and restraint—between our aggressive, pleasure-seeking biological urges and our internalized social controls over these urges.” Myers (2015) p.493

personality arises from our efforts to resolve this basic conflict

Id

Pleasure principle

Ego

Reality principle

Superego

conscience

id – unconscious energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives

ego – largely conscious, “executive” part that mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality

superego – represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment and future aspirations

5

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Personality Development

Psychosexual Stages

Stage Focus
Oral (0-18 months) Pleasure centers on the mouth—sucking, biting, chewing
Anal (18-36 months) Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control
Phallic (3-6 years) Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings
Latency (6 – puberty) A phase of dormant sexual feelings
Genital (puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests

8

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Unresolved conflicts during one of the stages could surface as maladaptive behavior in adulthood.

fixation – lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at one of the psychosexual stages, in which conflicts were unresolved

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Defense Mechanisms

Sometimes the ego fears losing control of the inner war between the id and superego. The result is anxiety.

The ego protects itself with defense mechanisms

tactics that reduce or redirect anxiety by distorting reality

All defense mechanisms function unconsciously, just like the body unconsciously defends itself against disease.

Repression is the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Cure to disorders

Bring the conflict between id and ego/superego to awareness/attention and redirect wish to something else

Insight – awareness of desires you already have

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

Criticisms of Freud

Development is lifelong, not fixed in childhood

Freud’s questioning might have created false memories of abuse

His theory rests on few objective observations and there were few testable hypotheses

Most serious problem: after-the-fact explanations of any characteristic yet fails to predict such behaviors and traits

“a good theory makes testable predictions”

Ignored important indiv differences in emotional adjustment, as well as other major personality traits

Phenomena he was trying to explain are unrepresentative of human behavior (even the ones claimed to be universal)

“The overall findings…seriously challenge the classical psychoanalytic notion of repression.” Yacov Rofe, “Does Repression Exist?” 2008

12

Psychodynamic Theories – Freud

So why do we still teach about Freud if lots of what he thought is now disproven or seen as bogus?

repression, defense mechanisms, unconscious, importance of human sexuality, tension between biological impulses and social well-being, reminds us of our potential for evil.

Individuals can have conflicting feelings which often lead to compromise solutions

Personalities start to form in childhood and early experiences play a significant role in development

Personality development requires moving from immature, social dependence to mature independence

Psychodynamic Theories – Neo-Freudian

Carl Jung

The Self

  Personal Collective
Conscious Ego; subjective awareness Persona (mask)
Unconscious Shadow; repressed Heritage/group legacy; archetypes

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