08 Nov Pediatric Autism
10867In developing a PICOT question, researchers must identify a need or a reason for the study. In the EBSCO Health whitepaper, the general example used is this: A committee decides to conduct a case study to determine whether postoperative gum chewing for abdominal surgery patients can prevent postoperative ileus (lack of intestinal movement).
With the scenario in mind, researchers use seven steps to the PICOT search:
Formulate the PICOT question in general terms: Based on the EBSCO Health example, the research question would be, “In patients recovering from abdominal surgery, is there evidence that suggests gum-chewing postoperatively, compared to not chewing gum, impacts postoperative ileus?”
Identify the keywords for the PICOT mnemonic:
P – Patients recovering from abdominal surgery
I – Gum chewing
C – Not chewing gum
O – Impacts post-operative ileus
Plan the search strategy: With the question in mind, researchers consider which databases and other search sites they might use to find information and answers. Researchers use strategies to maximize their search terms such as looking up synonyms and phrases that mean the same thing.
Execute a search: At first, researchers search each PICOT element individually. For example, when researching patients recovering from abdominal surgery, use the search terms “abdominal surgery,” but also consider the search terms “recovery and postoperative.”
Refine the results: Narrow the search results by limiting the works to pertinent content, such as articles from peer-reviewed journals or research documents.
Review the content: Review the research results to establish if they have the necessary information to answer the PICOT question.
Determine if research results meet standards: After reviewing the research results, determine whether they provide the best available evidence.
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