Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Within the Discussion Board area, write?300500 words that respond to t | Wridemy

## 02 Jan Within the Discussion Board area, write?300500 words that respond to t

Within the Discussion Board area, write 300–500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

It is frequently presumed that as individuals get older, they become more politically conservative. A political science student wants to verify this postulate. Using secondary data, the student ran a Chi-Square analysis of the age group (18–35, 36–55, 56–80) and self-described political affiliation (liberal, moderate, or conservative). The results of his analysis are provided in the tables below, but the student is having difficultly explaining the results.

• Describe the overall findings of the Chi-Square in the output, including the cell contributions, based upon the standardized residuals.
• What conclusions can the student make concerning this postulate?

Complete Question

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 300–500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

It is frequently presumed that as individuals get older, they become more politically conservative. A political science student wants to verify this postulate. Using secondary data, the student ran a Chi-Square analysis of the age group (18–35, 36–55, 56–80) and self-described political affiliation (liberal, moderate, or conservative). The results of his analysis are provided in the tables below, but the student is having difficultly explaining the results.

· Describe the overall findings of the Chi-Square in the output, including the cell contributions, based upon the standardized residuals.

· What conclusions can the student make concerning this postulate?

 Case Processing Summary Cases Valid Missing Total N Percent N Percent N Percent Political leanings * Age category 60 100.0% 0 0.0% 60 100.0%
 Political leanings * Age category Crosstabulation Age category young adult middle aged older adult Political leanings conservative Count 4 3 11 Expected Count 6.0 6.0 6.0 Standardized Residual -.8 -1.2 2.0 moderate Count 4 9 5 Expected Count 6.0 6.0 6.0 Standardized Residual -.8 1.2 -.4 liberal Count 12 8 4 Expected Count 8.0 8.0 8.0 Standardized Residual 1.4 .0 -1.4 Total Count 20 20 20 Expected Count 20.0 20.0 20.0
 Chi-Square Tests Value df Asymptotic Significance (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 12.667a 4 .013 Likelihood Ratio 12.350 4 .015 Linear-by-Linear Association 8.016 1 .005 N of Valid Cases 60 a. 0 cells (0.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 6.00.
 Directional Measures Value Asymptotic Standard Errora Approximate Tb Approximate Significance Nominal by Nominal Lambda Symmetric .263 .116 2.070 .038 Political leanings Dependent .222 .139 1.438 .150 Age category Dependent .300 .111 2.372 .018 Goodman and Kruskal tau Political leanings Dependent .106 .059 .014c Age category Dependent .106 .059 .014c a. Not assuming the null hypothesis. b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis. c. Based on chi-square approximation

Answer from one of the Student

Looking at the data that was gathered from members of different ages (18-35, 36-55, and 56-80) regarding their political affiliations, there were 60 participants with 20 in each group and each one submitted a response.  These age groups were labeled “young adult”, “middle age”, and “older adult.”  Young adults had 3 times more responses for liberal and an equal amount for conservative and moderate.  The expected responses, meaning that based on the percentages of normally-distributed population members, the numbers that were expected to vote liberally, moderately, and conservatively were 6, 6, and 8 respectively.  It can be seen that they voted low for conservative and moderate while considerably over-voting for liberal.  Middle-aged adults had less of a conservative representation than the young adult and more moderate voters.  Older adults had the most conservative members.

The Pearson Chi-Square test was used because frequencies are being compared instead of percentages.  The values that are being evaluated are political affiliations: conservative, moderate, and liberal.  Our null hypothesis that we are determining to reject or not is that people become more conservative as they get older.  Looking at the expected values, only 1 out of the 9 age and political combinations have values that came out to what was expected.  The effect size comes out to 0.106 (12.667 / (60*2)).  This points to a difference in the hypothesized values and p = .013 tells us that the difference is significant.

The question the political science student was trying to answer was whether individuals became more conservative as they got older.  Conservative numbers would be expected to increase from young adult” to “middle-aged” and again to “older adult.”  The data does not support that.  While older adults as a whole are more conservative than moderate or liberal, the trend did not increase as they age.  Young adults to middle-aged actually become less conservative.

Our website has a team of professional writers who can help you write any of your homework. They will write your papers from scratch. We also have a team of editors just to make sure all papers are of HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE. To make an Order you only need to click Ask A Question and we will direct you to our Order Page at WriteDemy. Then fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.

Fill in all the assignment paper details that are required in the order form with the standard information being the page count, deadline, academic level and type of paper. It is advisable to have this information at hand so that you can quickly fill in the necessary information needed in the form for the essay writer to be immediately assigned to your writing project. Make payment for the custom essay order to enable us to assign a suitable writer to your order. Payments are made through Paypal on a secured billing page. Finally, sit back and relax.

Do you need an answer to this or any other questions?

## We are a professional paper writing website. If you have searched a question and bumped into our website just know you are in the right place to get help in your coursework. We offer HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE Papers.

#### How It Works

To make an Order you only need to click on “Order Now” and we will direct you to our Order Page. Fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.

#### Are there Discounts?

All new clients are eligible for 20% off in their first Order. Our payment method is safe and secure.

## Related Tags

Academic APA Writing College Course Discussion Management English Finance General Graduate History Information Justify Literature MLA