Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Module 3: Rural Health Disparities This module introduces some of the health disparities that are a reality for many rural dwellers. Approaches nurses can utilize to mitigate th | Wridemy

Module 3: Rural Health Disparities This module introduces some of the health disparities that are a reality for many rural dwellers. Approaches nurses can utilize to mitigate th

Module 3: Rural Health Disparities

This module introduces some of the health disparities that are a reality for many rural dwellers.

Approaches nurses can utilize to mitigate the impact of some disparities will be addressed.

Module Objectives:

1) Appraise barriers to optimal health care that exist in rural areas.

2) Analyze factors that impact access to care in rural areas.

3) Explore consequences of limited access to healthcare.

4) Explore ways nurses can promote health in areas of limited health care access.

Assigned readings:

Bushy, A. (2013). Health Disparities in Rural Populations Across the Lifespan. In C.A. Winters (Ed.), Rural

nursing: Concepts, theory, and practice (pp.225 – 239). Springer.

http://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e680sw

w&AN=547705&scope=site

American Nurses Association (2015). Code of ethics for nurses: With interpretive statements. Silver

Spring, MD: ANA. (choose portions that will be valuable in your synthesis and application post)

https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk

&AN=1021757&scope=site

COVID – 19 and Rural Health Care. (2020). Online Journal of Rural Nursing & Health Care, 20(1),

1–5. https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v20i1.626. Available at

https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d

b=ccm&AN=143781889&scope=site

Erwin, C., Aultman, J., Harter, T., Illes, J., & Kogan, R. C. J. (2020). Rural and Remote

Communities: Unique Ethical Issues in the COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Bioethics,

20(7), 117–120. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2020.1764139.

https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d

b=ccm&AN=144785432&scope=site

Shreffler-Grant, J.M., Nicols, E., Weinert, C, & Ide, B. (2013). Complementary Therapy and Health

Literacy in Rural Dwellers. In C.A. Winters (Ed.), Rural nursing: Concepts, theory, and practice

(pp.205- 214). Springer.

http://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e680sw

w&AN=547705&scope=site

Be sure to take adequate time to peruse Rural Health Information (RHI) Hub and Center for Disease

Control (CDC) sites as well as other information linked into this module

Key points

• Communities in rural areas are impacted by policies developed at the national level.

• Competition between rural and urban areas in the domain of healthcare occurs increasingly as

resources become scarcer.

• Healthcare policies impact rural and urban areas in unique ways.

• A variety of social determinants may impact the health of individuals and families.

• Although health disparities occur in all settings, there are a number that are particularly

noteworthy in rural areas.

• Poverty often compounds other risks and vulnerabilities.

• A high proportion rural residents are among the ‘working poor’ and uninsured. Low income

correlates with lower educational levels, poorer nutrition, fewer preventative health care

practices, increased risk of trauma, developmental delays, inadequate immunization, and

increased chronic illness.

• Rural people are often older. Many elderly adults have a low fixed income, relying primarily on

social security benefits. They may have difficulty accessing additional benefits

Graded Assignment:  

You will complete your next synthesis and application assignment. Synthesis and Application

assignments have two separate components. Please see the information in the Synthesis and

Application Assignment folder for a video and more detailed direction. Refer to the grading rubric

(Appendix B in your syllabus or at the end of this document) for how points can be earned.  Carefully

note the criteria for a professional nursing journal as found in the course syllabus (p. 9). 

Part 1: Choose one of the situations /topics below. You may need to refer back to information from

prior assigned readings in addition to the readings assigned for this module. Respond to the situation

you choose in the discussion forum adhering to the grading rubric in Appendix B. Note that all parts of

the discussion question/topic must be addressed to earn full points.  You can earn up to 15 points for

your initial post.

Part 2: There is an opportunity to review what your peers have posted and build on their knowledge and

insights by the date included on the course schedule.  You will post a substantive addition to one of your

peers' post. Your substantive addition must address the topic/situation other than the topic/ situation

addressed in your original synthesis and application post. You can earn up to 10 points a substantive

addition that meets rubric criteria.

As you search for articles the first weeks of this course, two journals that may be especially helpful are

the Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care and the Journal of Rural Health.  Both are readily

accessible via the SMSU library.  There are many other articles and journals that will be helpful as well.

Topic One

1. Examine three barriers that may impact access to health care (not including lack of services) that may

be especially prevalent in rural areas in the United States. Note: A professional examination

regarding this question should include at least three well thought out and professionally written

sentences examining each of the three barriers you choose.

2. What are some interventions nurses can implement to mitigate the impact of these barriers?

3. Compare and contrast potential barriers to access to care in rural versus urban areas.

Topic Two

1. How might limited access to health care impact the use of complementary and alternative therapies?

2. Discuss the long-term consequences of limited access to health care services. Include how limited

access impacts individuals, families, and the health care system.

3. Briefly discuss two provisions from the Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements that are relevant

when considering health care disparities.

Appendix B: Synthesis and Application Assignment rubric

Remember that integrating your own thoughts with evidence from the literature is an effective to

demonstrate synthesis and critical analysis. Sometimes a few short direct quotes add value to your

work. But remember that long quotes generally serve to share someone else's thoughts, rather than

your analysis.

Please refer to the Synthesis and Application folder for a more detail and guidance.

Primary post

Criterion Excellent Competent Not satisfactory

Complete All questions from one chosen

scenario/topic addressed in a

clear, focused manner. All

responses demonstrate critical

analysis (3 points)

Not all questions

addressed OR responses

not clear and focused

(2 points)

Not all

required

questions

addressed. (0

points)

Demonstrates

synthesis of

assigned

readings

Post demonstrates that the

assigned content was

appropriately reviewed,

understood, and synthesized.

Minimal direct quotations.

(points) (6 points)

Demonstrates limited

familiarity and

synthesis of assigned

content. (3 points)

Not all questions

addressed.

Responses do not

demonstrate

synthesis of

assigned readings

(0 points)

Evidence based At least two professional

resources support post.

Resources must be integrated,

Supported by fewer than

two citation/reference

pairs. Or provides

Provides no

scholarly reference

to support

cited, and referenced per APA

style. See criteria for

professional references on p. 9

of syllabus. Rare APA style

errors. (3 pts)

evidence-based, scholarly

references using incorrect

APA format. Or provides

non-scholarly references

with correct APA format

in-text. (1.5 points)

position/ideas in

postings/discussion

and /or uses no

APA format

(0 points)

Writing quality Punctuation, spelling, spacing,

capitalization, and writing

mechanics errors are rare.

Fewer than six total

writing mechanics

Six or more writing

mechanics errors;

run-on sentences.

Writing is clear, succinct,

focused, organized, Easy to

understand main ideas. (2

points)

Writing is focused and

organized. (1 point)

Writing lacks

organization or

focus (0 points)

Posted Posted in both the discussion

forum and the assignment box.

(1 point)

Not posted in both the

discussion forum and the

assignment box (0 points)

Not posted

as directed.

(0 points)

Substantive addition – addition must address the topic/situation other than the topic/ situation

addressed in your original synthesis and application post to earn any points.

Criterion Excellent Competent Not satisfactory

Addition

relevant

and

valuable to

nursing

practice

Substantive addition

demonstrates thorough review

of post. Adds at least one new

perspective that would be

relevant and valuable in nursing

practice situations. (3 points)

Addition accurate,

but application to

nursing practice

limited. (1.5 points)

Relevance to

nursing practice

not included.

(0 points)

Demonstrates

critical analysis

Offered a critical analysis of an

existing posted. Demonstrates

that the assigned content was

appropriately reviewed,

understood, and synthesized.

(3 points)

Addition demonstrates

limited synthesis of

assigned content

related to the

situation/topic. Agreed

or disagreed, but did

not provide

justification. (1.5

points)

Response not

applicable to the

situation/topic.

(0 points)

Supported by

evidence

At least one professional

resource supports post.

Resources must be integrated,

cited, and referenced per APA

style. See criteria for

professional references on p. 9

of syllabus. Rare APA style

errors. (3 pts)

Supported by at least one

citation/reference pair.

Provides evidence-based,

scholarly reference using

incorrect APA format Or

provides non-scholarly

references with fewer

than four APA format

errors. (1.5 points)

Provides no

scholarly reference

to support

position/ideas in

postings/discussion

and /or uses no

APA format (0

points)

writing quality Punctuation, spelling, spacing,

capitalization and writing

mechanics errors are rare.

Writing is clear, succinct,

focused, organized, Easy to

understand main ideas. (1

point)

Fewer than 6 total writing

mechanics

Writing is focused and

organized. (0.5 points)

Six or more writing

mechanics errors;

run-on sentences.

Writing lacks

organization or

focus (0 points)

Module 3: Rural Health Disparities

This module introduces some of the health disparities that are a reality for many rural dwellers. Approaches nurses can utilize to mitigate the impact of some disparities will be addressed.

Module Objectives:

1) Appraise barriers to optimal health care that exist in rural areas.

2) Analyze factors that impact access to care in rural areas.

3) Explore consequences of limited access to healthcare.

4) Explore ways nurses can promote health in areas of limited health care access.

Assigned readings:

Bushy, A. (2013). Health Disparities in Rural Populations Across the Lifespan. In C.A. Winters (Ed.), Rural nursing: Concepts, theory, and practice (pp.225 – 239). Springer.

http://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e680sw w&AN=547705&scope=site

American Nurses Association (2015) . Code of ethics for nurses: With interpretive statements. Silver Spring, MD: ANA. (choose portions that will be valuable in your synthesis and application post) https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk &AN=1021757&scope=site

COVID – 19 and Rural Health Care. (2020). Online Journal of Rural Nursing & Health Care, 20(1),

1–5. https://doi.org/10.14574/ojrnhc.v20i1.626. Available at

https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d b=ccm&AN=143781889&scope=site

Erwin, C., Aultman, J., Harter, T., Illes, J., & Kogan, R. C. J. (2020). Rural and Remote Communities: Unique Ethical Issues in the COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Bioethics, 20(7), 117–120. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2020.1764139.

https://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d b=ccm&AN=144785432&scope=site

Shreffler-Grant, J.M., Nicols, E., Weinert, C, & Ide, B. (2013). Complementary Therapy and Health Literacy in Rural Dwellers. In C.A. Winters (Ed.), Rural nursing: Concepts, theory, and practice (pp.205- 214). Springer.

http://ssuproxy.mnpals.net/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e680sw w&AN=547705&scope=site

Be sure to take adequate time to peruse Rural Health Information (RHI) Hub and Center for Disease

Control (CDC) sites as well as other information linked into this module

Key points

· Communities in rural areas are impacted by policies developed at the national level.

· Competition between rural and urban areas in the domain of healthcare occurs increasingly as resources become scarcer.

· Healthcare policies impact rural and urban areas in unique ways.

· A variety of social determinants may impact the health of individuals and families.

· Although health disparities occur in all settings, there are a number that are particularly noteworthy in rural areas.

· Poverty often compounds other risks and vulnerabilities.

· A high proportion rural residents are among the ‘working poor’ and uninsured. Low income correlates with lower educational levels, poorer nutrition, fewer preventative health care practices, increased risk of trauma, developmental delays, inadequate immunization, and increased chronic illness.

· Rural people are often older. Many elderly adults have a low fixed income, relying primarily on social security benefits. They may have difficulty accessing additional benefits

Graded Assignment:  

You will complete your next synthesis and application assignment. Synthesis and Application assignments have two separate components. Please see the information in the Synthesis and Application Assignment folder for a video and more detailed direction. Refer to the grading rubric (Appendix B in your syllabus or at the end of this document) for how points can be earned.  Carefully note the criteria for a professional nursing journal as found in the course syllabus (p. 9). 

Part 1: Choose one of the situations /topics below. You may need to refer back to information from prior assigned readings in addition to the readings assigned for this module. Respond to the situation you choose in the discussion forum adhering to the grading rubric in Appendix B. Note that  all parts of the discussion question/topic must be addressed to earn full points.  You can earn up to 15 points for your initial post.

Part 2: There is an opportunity to review what your peers have posted and build on their knowledge and insights by the date included on the course schedule.  You will post a substantive addition to one of your peers' post. Yoursubstantive addition must address the topic/situation  other than the topic/ situation addressed in your original synthesis and application post . You can earn up to 10 points a substantive addition that meets rubric criteria.

As you search for articles the first weeks of this course, two journals that may be especially helpful are the Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care and the Journal of Rural Health.  Both are readily accessible via the SMSU library.  There are many other articles and journals that will be helpful as well.

Topic One

1. Examine three barriers that may impact access to health care (not including lack of services) that may be especially prevalent in rural areas in the United States. Note: A professional examination regarding this question should include at least three well thought out and professionally written sentences examining each of the three barriers you choose.

2. What are some interventions nurses can implement to mitigate the impact of these barriers?

3. Compare and contrast potential barriers to access to care in rural versus urban areas.

Topic Two

1. How might limited access to health care impact the use of complementary and alternative therapies?

2. Discuss the long-term consequences of limited access to health care services. Include how limited access impacts individuals, families, and the health care system.

3. Briefly discuss two provisions from the Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements that are relevant when considering health care disparities.

Appendix B: Synthesis and Application Assignment rubric

Remember that integrating your own thoughts with evidence from the literature is an effective to demonstrate synthesis and critical analysis. Sometimes a few short direct quotes add value to your work. But remember that long quotes generally serve to share someone else's thoughts, rather than your analysis.

Please refer to the Synthesis and Application folder for a more detail and guidance.

Primary post

Criterion

Excellent

Competent

Not satisfactory

Complete

All questions from one chosenscenario/topic addressed in a clear, focused manner. All responses demonstrate critical analysis (3 points)

Not all questions addressed OR responses not clear and focused

(2 points)

Not all required questions addressed. (0 points)

Demonstrates synthesis of assigned readings

Post demonstrates that the assigned content was appropriately reviewed, understood, and synthesized.

Minimal direct quotations. (points) (6 points)

Demonstrates limited familiarity and synthesis of assigned content. (3 points)

Not all questions addressed. Responses do not demonstrate synthesis of assigned readings

(0 points)

Evidence based

At least two professional resources support post. Resources must be integrated, cited, and referenced per APA style. See criteria for professional references on p. 9 of syllabus. Rare APA style errors. (3 pts)

Supported by fewer than two citation/reference pairs. Or provides evidence-based, scholarly references using incorrect APA format. Or provides non-scholarly references with correct APA format in-text. (1.5 points)

Provides no scholarly reference to support position/ideas in postings/discussion and /or uses no

APA format

(0 points)

Writing quality

Punctuation, spelling, spacing, capitalization, and writing mechanics errors are rare.

Fewer than six total writing mechanics

Six or more writing mechanics errors; run-on sentences.

Writing is clear, succinct, focused, organized, Easy to understand main ideas. (2 points)

Writing is focused and organized. (1 point)

Writing lacks organization or focus (0 points)

Posted

Posted in both the discussion forum and the assignment box.

(1 point)

Not posted in both the discussion forum and the assignment box (0 points)

Not posted as directed. (0 points)

Substantive addition – addition must address the topic/situation  other than the topic/ situation addressed in your original synthesis and application post to earn any points.

Criterion

Excellent

Competent

Not satisfactory

Addition relevant and valuable to nursing practice

Substantive addition demonstrates thorough review of post. Adds at least one new perspective that would be relevant and valuable in nursing practice situations. (3 points)

Addition accurate, but application to nursing practice limited. (1.5 points)

Relevance to nursing practice not included. (0 points)

Demonstrates

critical analysis

Offered a critical analysis of an existing posted. Demonstrates that the assigned content was appropriately reviewed, understood, and synthesized. (3 points)

Addition demonstrates limited synthesis of assigned content related to the situation/topic. Agreed or disagreed, but did not provide justification. (1.5 points)

Response not applicable to the situation/topic. (0 points)

Supported by evidence

At least one professional resource supports post. Resources must be integrated, cited, and referenced per APA style. See criteria for professional references on p. 9 of syllabus. Rare APA style errors. (3 pts)

Supported by at least one citation/reference pair. Provides evidence-based, scholarly reference using incorrect APA format Orprovides non-scholarly references with fewer than four APA format errors. (1.5 points)

Provides no scholarly reference to support position/ideas in postings/discussion and /or uses no APA format (0 points)

writing quality

Punctuation, spelling, spacing, capitalization and writing mechanics errors are rare. Writing is clear, succinct, focused, organized, Easy to understand main ideas. (1 point)

Fewer than 6 total writing mechanics

Writing is focused and organized. (0.5 points)

Six or more writing mechanics errors; run-on sentences. Writing lacks organization or focus (0 points)

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